#colorado health insurance
Colorado Health Insurance Guide
Colorado Health Insurance Information, Resources and Access to Online Health Insurance Quotes
As a Colorado resident you can choose from health insurance plans offered to individuals and groups by private insurance companies. You may also purchase individual and family coverage from participating private insurers through Connect for Health Colorado, the state-run exchange. If you are self-employed with no employees, you can also use the state exchange to purchase coverage. You may also be entitled to certain state and federal programs such as Medicaid, CHIP or Medicare.
Colorado and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (also known as ObamaCare and the Affordable Care Act and referred to in this guide as ACA) became law in 2010. Provisions of the law have continued to be phased in following passage. As of January 1, 2014, most U.S. citizens and legal residents are required by law to have qualifying health care coverage or pay an annual tax penalty for every month they go without insurance. This is called the “individual mandate.” There is a grace period through March 31, 2014. Beginning in 2014, the penalty for not having qualifying coverage is $95 per adult and $47.50 per child or 1% of your taxable income; whichever is higher (up to $285 per family). The penalty increases annually through 2017 and beyond.
Individual Mandate Exemptions
You may be exempt from the individual mandate and tax penalties if:
- You have religious objections
- Are in the U.S. illegally
- Are in jail
- The cost of coverage exceeds 8% of your household income
- Your income is below 100% of the poverty level
- You have hardship waivers
- You are not covered for fewer than three months during the calendar year
About Connect for Health Colorado – The State Healthcare Exchange
In addition, if you are under 30 or meet the criteria for a hardship exemption, you can purchase a catastrophic plan that is compliant with ACA requirements.
Premiums charged for any of the qualifying metal plans may be based on:
- Your age
- Tobacco use
- Where you live – determined by rating area
- The number of family members enrolling with you
Under ACA, no one can be denied coverage or charged significantly higher premiums because of past health history (pre-existing conditions) or gender. There can be no look-back or waiting periods imposed. Policies are effective on issue. All coverage is renewable, if you choose to renew it. Plans can only be canceled for non-payment of premiums or fraud. The guaranteed issue provision applies to all non-grandfathered plans.
ACA Financial Assistance
You may qualify for financial assistance in the form of tax credits to help with monthly premiums and subsidies to help with out-of-pocket costs.
- Tax credits can be applied to any of the four metal plans to lower your monthly premiums. They are paid directly to your insurance provider by the federal government. Your tax credit is based on your estimated income for the calendar year, in advance of filing your federal return. Note that if your actual income exceeds the eligibility limit, you will have to reimburse the government for the difference. Tax credits are only available to Colorado residents who purchase coverage from Connect for Health Colorado.
- Subsidies to help Colorado residents with out-of-pocket expenses such as copayments are only available for Silver plans purchased through Connect for Health Colorado and are only offered to those who earn up to 250% of the federal poverty level.
- Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs)
You have access to a network of healthcare providers participating in your selected PPO. You do not have to select a Primary Care Physician or obtain a referral to see any in-network provider. Some PPOs may require that you meet a deductible before their portion of the coverage begins.
Most HMOs require you to select a Primary Care Physician to coordinate your healthcare and provide referrals to specialists. HMOs typically charge a fixed copayment for each doctor visit and other care provided. Depending on the HMO, there may be a low deductible or no deductible in addition to the copayments. All services must be obtained through the HMO’s network, unless otherwise stated in your plan.
These plans give you more control over your out-of-pocket expenses by offering lower monthly premiums with higher deductibles. They are typically combined with HSAs that allow you to set aside interest-earning pretax funds (through your employer’s payroll deduction) or tax-deductible funds you deposit in a private account. These funds can be drawn on to cover your healthcare costs. Any interest accrued is tax-deferred and any unused funds can roll over from year to year. See your tax advisor for information specific to your situation.
ACA provisions allow you to continue to make tax-free contributions up to $2,500 per year to an FSA. These can be used for out-of-pocket healthcare expenses not covered by your insurance plan. This includes many over-the-counter (OTC) preparations, devices and equipment as allowed by law. However, you will need to obtain a prescription for OTC items and submit an itemized receipt to qualify for the tax deduction.
Colorado Healthcare Resources
Colorado Regulating Agencies and Insurance Information Resources
Department of Regulatory Agencies/Insurance Division